Tutorial for beginners on chess piece moves

If you’ve ever wondered “how do chess pieces move?”Don’t worry. This Guide will help you.

Once you know how chess pieces move, you will be able to play with people from all over the world online or with family and friends over a chessboard. Every chess piece has its own guidelines and you need to understand them all if you ever want to win at chess.

This guide will clarify all the rules of chess piece moves for beginners who need to learn how to play chess

Chess Pieces. How do they move?


Pawns are only capable of moving forward up the chessboard. When a pawn makes its first move it has two choices; it can either move one or two squares straight forward. However, it moves one square in all the following moves.

Although the pawn may seem weak at first, when it reaches the other end of the board (known as the back rank) it can be promoted to any other chess piece (queen, rook, bishop, or knight of its own color) except the king.

Usually a pawn get promotion to be a Queen but there are times when other factors dictate that a pawn should be promoted to another piece instead.


The King may move one square in any direction. However, the King must never move on to a square that is being attacked by the opponent piece, this is known as “moving into check”. Moving into check is not permitted as the opponent could then take the King on their next turn and then the game is lost.

The King is the most vital chess piece on the board despite his restricted mobility. Protect your King at all times, if it is impossible to make the King safe and an opponent catches him, then the game is lost. This is known as “checkmate” and it is the essential goal of the game!


The Queen is the most powerful chess piece on the board due to her incredible mobility. She can move any number of squares than any other chess piece as long as she moves in a straight line.Never forget, the Queen cannot move like the knight!


The bishop is capable of moving any number of squares diagonally. Each player has two bishops; one bishop moves diagonally along the white squares and the other bishop moves diagonally along the black squares.

The bishops can be very powerful when put from corner to corner or in open positions where there are few pieces remaining involving squares of their color.


The Knight has unique mobility as it travels in an L shape inall directions. The knight either travels two squares sideward and then a square down or up, or two squares down or up, and then one square sideward.

Therefore, if it starts off in a white square, when it has finished its move will land on a black square. The Knight is the only piece capable of “jumping over” other pieces and this can be very helpful in cramped board positions.

Rooks or Castle

The Rook moves horizontally and vertically any number of squares, forward or backward. If the rook has not been moved already, then it can be used in castling. Rooks can be very powerful in open positions, especially if you have your two rooks connected to each other.